Psoriasis is an auto-immune infection in which the skin cells are formed at a rapid rate resulting in lesions. Scientists are still trying to find out the reason for this abnormal reaction by the immune system. Fortunately, though psoriasis cannot be cured completely, but it responds well to some medications. Also, it has been found that psoriatic patients experience flare-ups with certain food items. This may make some people feel not so excited about reading this write-up, but I would urge them to take a gander before making any opinion about the diet for psoriasis patient.
- Low fat low calorie diet
A diet for psoriasis patient who is overweight should be low in fats and calories. They will surely find relief in this. Scientists too back this nutritional therapy and confirmed it in a study published in JAMA Dermatology. Those who participated in this study not only felt the reduction in the severity of their infection but they also lost weight in the exercise. The researchers based their study on the fact that inflammation is on the rise in obese people as fat cells release cytokines, a type of proteins that stimulates inflammation. Therefore, if a person loses weight, he will find relief from inflammation and hence psoriasis too.
- Gluten free diet
Well, it has been found that people with certain sensitivities towards foods enriched with gluten may experience some relief, if they avoid them. The Journal of Clinical Analysis in 2010 published a study which proved that HLA CW6 gene, a gene linked to psoriasis had an enhanced sensitivity to the gliadin protein (gluten). But before planning a diet for psoriasis patient without gluten rich foods, one must get examined for celiac diseases.
- Fish oil
The oil extracted from tissues of oily fish has shown some promise in providing relief from psoriasis. A study done at the University of Maryland and Medical Center has shown that omega-3 fatty acids present in fish oil is helpful in controlling inflammation. This not only aids in improvement in psoriasis but some patients have even experienced lesser area getting affected by the condition after eating fish oil. This has another benefit too. People with psoriasis are at a higher risk of heart diseases. Fish oil helps in managing cardiovascular diseases.
- Antioxidant-rich foods
Antioxidants save your skin from the oxidative stress caused by the free radicals produced in the body. The latter are related to inflammation in psoriasis. As psoriasis patients have impaired antioxidant stress, so, including antioxidants in their daily diet will help them. The antioxidants that should be included in the diet for psoriasis patient are Vitamin C, Vitamin E, beta-carotene, zinc and selenium. Interestingly, it has been found that who eat more tomatoes, fresh fruits, carrots and green vegetables lower their chances of getting psoriasis. Also, zinc and selenium are essential for the body’s antioxidant system; they produce certain enzymes needed for the antioxidant defense.
- Low Glycemic foods
A high glycemic and high sugar diet increases blood sugar level in the body, this in turn increases inflammation in the body. There is another danger in the offing. Sugary foods encourage Candida growth in the body which is related to psoriasis. In a study, it was found that Candida was more prevalent in the saliva of psoriatic patients (78%) than in the other participants (50%). Thus, a diet for psoriasis patient should include low glycemic foods.
I hope this article has cleared most of your doubts and will help you in planning psorisis diet better.