Psoriasis is the result of uncontrollable growth of skin cells which leads to white, thick silvery red patches on skin. Normally skin cells grow gradually, shedding themselves after about 3-4 weeks. But in this ailment new skin cells reach the surface of skin rapidly. The growth of these skin cells become too rapid as they reach the outer epidermis leading to development of red patches.
What Causes Psoriasis?
The root cause of psoriasis is the abnormality and malfunctioning of immune system. Psoriasis is an autoimmune* disease where the immune system mistakes skin cells as foreign bodies and attacks them thus speeding up the growth cycle of skin cells. The cycle of skin cells become faster and faster leading to extra piles of skin cells on the surface. It is due to this that skin thickens and gets inflammatory red in color.
Immune system malfunction is the first cause of psoriasis and genetics may be the other. Yes you heard it right, psoriases runs in families. It is observed that one in three people with this disease have a family history with psoriasis. It’s just the combinations of genes that make people more vulnerable to the disease. However, these genes don’t assure you of getting psoriasis.
What Triggers Psoriasis?
There is a wide range of factors that can flare up psoriasis. Knowing these triggers will help you control the disease:
- Medications: Some medicines may cause inflammatory reactions on the skin like lithium to treat depression, Antimalarials, heart medications and medicines controlling blood pressure. They can cause immune system to react differently on skin cells.
- Alcohol: Alcohol abuse can be one very good reason, causing psoriasis to increase.
- Infections: Dermatologists have seen many families with history with psoriases having one or the other kind of infection like human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), viral upper respiratory condition, and Candida albicans.
- Stress: Stress is likely to top the list of the triggers associated with psoriases. Science has confirmed that stress can flare-up psoriases and worsen it to an extreme level.
- Weather: With weather changes psoriases tends to aggravate more, like in winter season people prone to psoriases are at greater risk. Cold weather is dry which makes skin itchy and vulnerable to climatic atrocities.
- Skin injuries: The relationship between psoriases and skin injuries has been observed in many patients. If people having psoriases sustain skin injuries then the psoriasis lesions increase more after 10 -12 days of injury.Though there is no curable treatment for this ailment, but it still responds well to certain creams and medications
- Retinoid: This is another form of Vitamin A prescribed by skin doctors. They do not work as fast as steroid but can be effective temporarily. If they are taken in access can cause irritation on skin. Duly consult your dermatologist before using any of these things.
- Shampoos: Known to show positive results, but some sensitive skinned people are vulnerable to side effects and develop pimple like rashes on the scalp.
- Steroid based creams: This is thought to be the easiest method to treat psoriases because they give fast results like decrease inflammation and relieve itching. Its stronger medications and doses cause extremely harmful side effects including dryness, burning and itching. So if steroids are your medications then you must take every minute detail from doctor before using them.
- Laser therapy: It is commonly known as phototherapy i.e. treatment with light. The patient is generally surrounded with light bulbs in a cabinet and the light is thrown on the infected area. This light is Ultra violet rays and so is said to be a bit harmful to the body in a long run.
- Psoriasis creams: There are plenty of creams to treat psoriases but the best by far, as per the reviews is Revitol Psoriases Cream. It contains all FDA approved ingredients like Vitamin E and salicylic acid. The presence of salicylic acid makes it the best cream to treat psoriasis. Natural Ph balances nullify harsh effects of chemicals on the skim and tea tree oil boosts skin longevity. This cream is better than any other cream because it has no steroids in it, thus no chance of getting any more skin allergies. Laser treatments are often harmful so should be avoided.
- Autoimmune disease: It is a disorder of immune system when immune cells instead of attacking the foreign cells attacks self cells by mistaking them as foreign bodies.
So, just be nice to your skin and make sure that whatever treatment you are using should not have any carcinogenic effect on your skin.